millis()

Description

Renvoie le nombre de millisecondes depuis que la carte Arduino a commencé à exécuter le programme courant. Ce nombre débordera (càd sera remis à zéro) après 50 jours approximativement.

Syntaxe

variable_unsigned_long=millis();

Paramètres

  • Aucun

Valeurs Renvoyées

  • Le nombre de millisecondes depuis que le programme courant a démarré. Renvoie une variable long non signée.

Exemple

Exemple 1

unsigned long time; void setup(){ Serial.begin(9600); } void loop(){ Serial.print("Time: "); time = millis(); //affiche sur le PC le temps depuis que le programme a démarré Serial.println(time); // pause d'une seconde afin de ne pas envoyer trop de données au PC delay(1000); }

The result on Serial Monitor:

COM6
Send
Time: 0 Time: 999 Time: 1999 Time: 3000 Time: 4000 Time: 5000 Time: 6000 Time: 7001 Time: 8001 Time: 9001
Autoscroll Show timestamp
Clear output
9600 baud  
Newline  

Exemple 2

Print a text one time per second without blocking other codes

const unsigned long TIME_INTERVAL = 1000; unsigned long previousMillis; void setup() { Serial.begin(9600); previousMillis = millis(); } void loop() { if (millis() - previousMillis >= TIME_INTERVAL) { previousMillis = millis(); Serial.println("Arduino References"); } }

※ Remarque:

  • Bien remarquer que la valeur retournée par millis() est un long non signé : des erreurs pourront avoir lieu si le programmeur essaie de faire des opérations mathématiques avec d'autres types de données tels que des int.
  • The return value of millis() function rolls over back to zero after roughly 50 days. If the sketch is intended to run for longer than that, It needs to make sure the rollover does not make the sketch fail. To solve it, write rollover-safe code. Let's compare the two following inequations:
    • millis() >= (previousMillis + TIME_INTERVAL)
    • (millis() - previousMillis) >= TIME_INTERVAL
  • Mathematically, they are equivalent to each other. However, in programming, they are not. That is because the size of storage is unlimited in mathematics while it is limited to 4 bytes in Arduino programming. In programming, when the rollover happens, the first inequation makes the sketch fail while the second inequation does NOT. Therefore:
    • Do NOT use if (millis() >= (previousMillis + TIME_INTERVAL)),
    • Use if(millis() - previousMillis >= TIME_INTERVAL) instead

Voir Également

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