Arduino - Temperature Sensor

There are many type of temperature sensors can works with Arduino such as TH02, HDC1000 or HTS221... In this tutorial, we are going to learn how to use waterproof DS18B20 temperature sensor. This sensor is inexpensive, easy to use and look neat.

Hardware Required

1×Arduino UNO or Genuino UNO
1×USB 2.0 cable type A/B
1×Temperature Sensor DS18B20
1×4.7 kΩ resistor
1×Breadboard
n×Jumper Wires
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About One Wire Temperature Sensor - DS18B20

Pinout

DS18B20 temperature sensor has three pins:

  • GND pin needs to be connected to GND (0V)
  • VCC pin needs to be connected to VCC (5V or 3.3V)
  • DQ pin is 1-Wire Data Bus should be connected to a digital pin on Arduino.

The sensor usually has two forms: TO-92 package (looks like a transistor) and waterproof probe. We use the waterproof probe form in this tutorial.

DS18B20 temperature sensor Pinout

Wiring Diagram

  • With breadboard
  • Arduino Temperature Sensor Wiring Diagram

    Image is developed using Fritzing. Click to enlarge image

  • Without breadboard
  • Arduino DS18B20 Wiring Diagram

    Image is developed using Fritzing. Click to enlarge image

  • Real wiring
  • Arduino one wire temperature sensor Wiring Diagram

    Image is developed using Fritzing. Click to enlarge image

How To Program For DS18B20 Temperature Sensor

  • Include the library:
#include <OneWire.h> #include <DallasTemperature.h>
  • Declare OneWire and DallasTemperature object corresponding to the pin connected to sensor's DQ pin
OneWire oneWire(SENSOR_PIN); // setup a oneWire instance DallasTemperature sensors(&oneWire); // pass oneWire to DallasTemperature library
  • Initialize the sensor:
sensors.begin(); // initialize the sensor
  • Send the command to get temperatures:
sensors.requestTemperatures();
  • Read temperature in Celsius:
tempCelsius = sensors.getTempCByIndex(0);
  • (Optional) Convert Celsius to Fahrenheit:
tempFahrenheit = tempCelsius * 9 / 5 + 32;

Arduino Code

/* * Created by ArduinoGetStarted.com * * This example code is in the public domain * * Tutorial page: https://arduinogetstarted.com/tutorials/arduino-temperature-sensor */ #include <OneWire.h> #include <DallasTemperature.h> const int SENSOR_PIN = 13; // Arduino pin connected to DS18B20 sensor's DQ pin OneWire oneWire(SENSOR_PIN); // setup a oneWire instance DallasTemperature sensors(&oneWire); // pass oneWire to DallasTemperature library float tempCelsius; // temperature in Celsius float tempFahrenheit; // temperature in Fahrenheit void setup() { Serial.begin(9600); // initialize serial sensors.begin(); // initialize the sensor } void loop() { sensors.requestTemperatures(); // send the command to get temperatures tempCelsius = sensors.getTempCByIndex(0); // read temperature in Celsius tempFahrenheit = tempCelsius * 9 / 5 + 32; // convert Celsius to Fahrenheit Serial.print("Temperature: "); Serial.print(tempCelsius); // print the temperature in Celsius Serial.print("°C"); Serial.print(" ~ "); // separator between Celsius and Fahrenheit Serial.print(tempFahrenheit); // print the temperature in Fahrenheit Serial.println("°F"); delay(500); }

Quick Steps

  • Connect Arduino to PC via USB cable
  • Open Arduino IDE, select the right board and port
  • On Arduino IDE, Go to Tools Manage Libraries
  • Arduino add library
  • Search “OneWire”, then find the OneWire library by Paul Stoffregen
  • Click Install button to install OneWire library.
  • Arduino onewire library
  • Search “Dallas”, then find the DallasTemperature library by Miles Burton.
  • Click Install button to install DallasTemperature library.
  • Arduino Dallas Temperature library
  • Copy the above code and open with Arduino IDE
  • Click Upload button on Arduino IDE to upload code to Arduino
  • Put the sensor on hot and cold water, or grasp the sensor by your hand
  • See the result on Serial Monitor.
  • COM6
    Send
    Temperature: 26.31°C ~ 79.36°F Temperature: 26.44°C ~ 79.59°F Temperature: 26.50°C ~ 79.70°F Temperature: 26.56°C ~ 79.81°F Temperature: 27.06°C ~ 80.71°F Temperature: 27.75°C ~ 81.95°F Temperature: 28.37°C ~ 83.07°F Temperature: 29.00°C ~ 84.20°F Temperature: 29.56°C ~ 85.21°F Temperature: 30.00°C ~ 86.00°F Temperature: 30.31°C ~ 86.56°F Temperature: 30.62°C ~ 87.12°F Temperature: 30.87°C ~ 87.57°F
    Autoscroll Show timestamp
    Clear output
    9600 baud  
    Newline  

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